Apple or its scientific name Malus domestica is the fruit with the most species growing in the genus Malus. Apple's popularity also inspires influential people in the world.
You may notice that nyari apples do not contain fat, so they are cholesterol-free fruit. In addition, apples are also rich in antioxidants derived from plant compounds such as flavonoids, fiber, water, vitamins, and minerals.
Although it contains sugar and carbohydrates, the type of carbohydrate in apples is complex carbohydrates, so it does not cause children's blood sugar levels to rise drastically.
Apples also contain protein, Vitamin A, Vitamin B1, B2, B3, B6, Vitamin E, D, K, zinc, copper, iron, sodium, choline, lutein, zeanxanthin, and ursolic acid. This fruit can be consumed directly, or made into juice or fruit salad.
After knowing the various contents in apples, here are the benefits of apples for adolescent health:
1. Maintain children's heart health
By eating apples regularly, you can reduce your child's risk of developing heart disease at a young age. This is because apples contain high levels of soluble fiber, which can help lower blood cholesterol.
Apples also contain polyphenols that have antioxidant effects, which are abundant in the skin of the fruit. So, the best way for children to get the benefits of apples is to eat all parts including the skin, except the seeds that are not eaten.
The polyphenol content in apples is the flavonoid epicatechin, which has been shown to lower blood pressure. Flavonoids are also known to help prevent heart disease by lowering blood pressure.
In addition, the content of flavonoids can also lower cholesterol levels in the blood and act as antioxidants that ward off free radicals.
2. Maintain brain health
As you know, cognitive function is very important for the growth and development of children, especially at school age. The high levels of antioxidants in apple skin can help memory function and maintain brain health.
In a large study presented at the Alzheimer's conference, there was evidence that consumption of plant-based products such as apples could help prevent dementia.
Other findings show that regular consumption of fruits and vegetables can reduce the decline by 30-35 percent. However, experts believe the benefits of apples still need further research.
3. Reduce the risk of diabetes in children
It is undeniable, diabetes does not only attack adults. Lifestyle and other health problems can cause teenagers to develop diabetes. The complex carbohydrate content in apples will not make a teenager's blood sugar spike drastically.
Various studies conclude, regularly make a 28 percent lower chance of developing type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is generally prone to occur at the age of > 10 years or in adolescence.
Almost the same protective effect can be obtained when children eat several apples a week. The polyphenols in apples also prevent damage to beta cells, which are responsible for breaking down sugar into energy.
Then there are also phytonutrients that regulate blood sugar levels in the body. And the antioxidant content in apples is also able to maintain the health of the pancreas.
4. Meghan's cancer cell growth
Research from the American Society for Nutrition shows a link between plant compounds in apples and a lower risk of cancer.
There was also a study in one woman who reported that eating apples regularly reduced the number of cancer deaths.
5. helps fight free radicals
As previously mentioned, antioxidant compounds play an important role in maintaining a healthy body, especially in counteracting the bad effects of free radicals.
Well, antioxidants will neutralize the reactive nature of free radicals which in turn can prevent damage to body cells.